Military Pentathlon is an integral sports discipline of the CISM World Games. It is a polyathletic competition sport consisting of 5 disciplines, which are shooting with standard rifle, obstacle run, obstacle swimming, throwing, and cross-country. Each competitor must compete in all the five disciplines.
An additional team competition is the obstacle relay, which is held on occasion of world and continental championships.
In 1993, the obstacle relay was tested as a new event of Military Pentathlon for the first time in the Second CISM European Championship in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. Since 1995, this discipline has annually been part of the CISM World Championship program.
In 1997, Military Pentathlon was invited to be a demonstration sport at the civilian World Games in Lahti, Finland.