Wuhan, capital of Central China's Hubei Province, is the largest city in Central China and among the top 10 megacities nationwide. It has long been an economic, industrial, and transportation hub for both the region and the country. Located at the junction of the Yangtze River, the third longest river in the world, and the Han River, its largest tributary, Wuhan consists of three main areas: Hankou, Hanyang, and Wuchang. Hundreds of lakes are scattered about the city. For this reason, Wuhan is called the "City of Lakes."

The Yangtze River and Han River converging in Wuhan  Photo by Tian Fei

According to the 2013 Wuhan Water Resource Report, the water area of Wuhan is about 2117.6 square kilometers, around one-fourth the total area of the city. There are 166 lakes, and the total lake area is about 779 square kilometers. Wuhan has been referred to as the "City of Lakes."

The 33-square-kilometer East Lake, which has 24 natural scenic spots, is the most brilliant of all the lakes in Wuhan. The East Lake, along with Yuehu Lake and Panlong Lake, helped nurture the Chu, Zhiyin, and Panlong cultures.

Lakes and wetlands are a very important part of any ecosystem. With five wetland reserves covering a total area of 28,223 hectares Wuhan is rich in wetland resources. Chenhu Wetland Nature Reserve in Caidian District, often regarded as a paradise for birds, was listed as a wetland of international importance in 2013.

Zhangduhu wetland

There are 165 rivers and streams in Wuhan. Rivers like Sheshui, Fuhe, Daoshui, Jushui, and Dongjinghe are all tributaries of the Yangtze River.

One of the reasons this city has thrived is its water resources. The entire history of the city is filled with projects related to water and water management. In recent years, the city government has been working on the "Blue Water, Blue Sky" project, which includes the creation of the East Lake ecological water network in Wuchang, a six-lake connection project in Hanyang, a 20-lake connection project in the Wuhan Economic & Technological Development Zone, and a seven-lake connection project in Hankou.