Wuhan has many mountains and hills, which account for more than 5 percent of the total area of the city. There are 58 hills in the central area of Wuhan and more than 100 in the greater city area.

The E'nan South Mountains run through Caidian and Jiangxia districts. Northern Wuhan is bordered by the Dabie Mountains. Numerous mountains and hills, like Tortoise Hill and Snake Hill, run through the middle of the city, creating a "dragon's back." Ma'an Mountains and others surround the East Lake Scenic Areas. Luojia Hill is home to Wuhan University, Huazhong University of Science and Technology sits at the foot of Yujia Hill, Central China Normal University is located at the foot of Guizi Hill, China University of Geosciences is located atop Nanwang Hill, and Shizi Hill is home to Huazhong Agricultural University.

Mulan Mountain

Snake Hill and the surrounding elevations along the city's east-west axis intersect with the Yangtze River to create a cross shape, which is part of the core framework for the city of Wuhan.

Along the ridges of Snake Hill, many cultural relics have been found, some of which can be traced back to the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms Period. According to the book City Walls of Wuchang, compiled by the Wuchang Archives Bureau, "There are hundreds of recorded ruins and remains on Snake Hill."

In 2011, the RMB 1.076 billion "Green Snake Hill" project was finished. The southern slope became a green garden park, which extends nearly two kilometers and covers an area of 130,000 square meters. The park landscape varies by season.

Located across the Yangtze River from Snake Hill is Tortoise Hill. This year, Tortoise Hill will be restored through the "City Balcony" project. The descriptions of this area and its scenery that were once depicted in a Tang Dynasty poem will be visible in this modern era. All of Tortoise Hill will be redesigned. A forest will be created, bringing an increase in public green space of over 50,000 square meters. The number of buildings on the hill will be reduced, leaving more room for ecosystem development.

Tortoise Hill

Snake Hill