Wuhan: International transportation hub
Date：2018-11-19 10:52:43 Source：Changjiang Weekly
Wuhan, capital of Central China's Hubei Province, is a city with over 3,500 years of history. Wuhan is the largest city in Central China and among the top 10 megacities nationwide.It has long been an economic, industrial, and transportation hub for both the region and the country.
Located at the junction of the Yangtze River, the third longest river in the world, and the Han River, its largest tributary, Wuhan consists of three main areas: Hankou, Hanyang, and Wuchang.
The total area of Wuhan is 8,494 square kilometers and its residential population is over 13 million.
Wuhan has 166 lakes scattered about the city. For this reason, it is commonly called the "City of Lakes."Numerous aspects of this city's rich culture have been shaped by its water resources and other natural features.
Wuhan has a privileged location, for it is situated at the geographical center of the country. Because of its location and advanced transportation facilities, Wuhan is historically referred to as the "thoroughfare to nine provinces."
High-speed railway center in China
High-speed railway trains at Wuhan Railway Station Photo by Lei Jiaming
On July 1, 2014, the Yichang-Wanzhou Railway officially opened its high-speed train route to the public. Soon after the Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu high-speed railway was completed. Wuhan, located at the junction of the Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu Railway and the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, became the center of China's high-speed railway network.
430 high-speed trains stop in Wuhan daily
After making adjustments to railway routes and time schedules nationwide, the Wuhan Railway Bureau has significantly increased the number of trains running on busy main lines, especially those on the Beijing-Guangzhou High-speed Railway and the Wuhan-Jiujiang High-speed Railway, which are popular with passengers. Every day, 701 trains arrive and depart at Wuhan's three major railway stations, of which 430 are high- speed trains, accounting for over 60 percent of the total. The figure is among the highest of all cities in the country.
High-speed rail lines from Wuhan cover over half of China
Wuhan has become a major hub in the high-speed passenger train network in China. From Wuhan, high-speed trains can reach other cities in Hubei Province within one hour, or cities in Central China like Zhengzhou, Hefei and Changsha in two hours, or major cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Chongqing in four to seven hours. Through the high-speed rail network, Wuhan is connected to 18 provincial- level administrative regions across the country, covering more than half of China.
Wuhan connects 5 continents
Wuhan boasts a number of prominent achievements in China, and even the world. It is home to the largest automobile industry center in China and the world's largest optical communication R&D and production base. The opening-up policy has attracted 6,738 foreign-funded enterprises to settle in Wuhan by 2018.
Wuhan has 59 international air routes, covering 52 international navigation points on five continents. People can fly directly from Wuhan to San Francisco, Moscow, Paris, London, Sydney, and Rome. In Aug. 2018, the first direct flight from Wuhan to Mauritius departed. It is the first intercontinental commercial flight between Africa and Central China.
Shipping center to be completed by 2020
Containers are lifted onto ships at Yangluo Port.
Wuhan is an important inland river port in China and a shipping center in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. It is a major hub port for water and rail transportation designated by the Ministry of Communications. Wuhan plans
to upgrade the port's annual cargo capacity to 200 million tons and to build a shipping center in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River in three years.
Wuhan New Port is located at the intersection of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the Beijing-Guangzhou Economic Belt and the Beijing- Kowloon Economic Belt. It consists of 27 ports in Wuhan, Ezhou, Huanggang and Xianning. Yangluo Port is the core port of Wuhan New Port and the best transfer port in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. At present, the Yangluo container port has opened up major daily direct routes to Yangshan and Waigaoqiao in Shanghai.
Metro and bridges tie city together
The Etouwan overpass, linking the Second and Third Ring Roads, looks like a giant Chinese knot. Aerial photo by Hu Jiusi
Wuhan Metro Line 1 began its operation on July 28, 2004, making Wuhan the first city in Central China to have a metro. At present, 10 metro lines operate in Wuhan. By 2020, 11 metro lines with a total length of 401 kilometers will be in operation.