Wuchang Uprising overthrows the feudal monarchy
Date：2018-11-19 11:29:13 Source：Changjiang Weekly
The Museum of the Wuchang Uprising of the 1911 Revolution
The Qiyi (uprising) Gate at the southern end of Shouyi South Road in the Wuchang District of Wuhan is the only surviving gate of the nine gates of the old city of Wuchang. The successful uprising, starting in the Shouyi area of Wuchang, led to the downfall of the Qing dynasty, and the founding of the first democratic republic in Asia, which marks the beginning of democracy and republicanism in China and Asia, as well as a significant milestone in the history of China.
Prior to the Wuchang Uprising, China had been faced with severe political and social challenges. The two revolutionary groups, the Literary Society and the Progressive Association, were spreading revolutionary seeds within the Hubei New Army and were actively preparing for the uprising.
The revolutionaries in the New Army met and agreed to launch an uprising on the night of October 10, 1911. On that date, the revolutionaries of the Eighth Engineering Battalion of the New Army fired the first shot of the uprising and proceeded to capture the weapons in the workshop at the Chuwang garrison station near Zhonghe Gate. They took over tens of thousands of rifles, dozens of cannons, and hundreds of thousands of bullets. At the same time, other revolutionaries, the artillery units and the engineering barracks stationed outside the city of Wuchang rose up in revolt and took control of Wuchang early the next morning.
The revolutionaries in Hanyang and Hankou followed suit and gained control of the two towns on the nights of October 11, and 12, 1911. As soon as the uprising armies were in control of the three towns of Wuhan, the Hubei Military Government was established with Li Yuanhong as governor.
The military government called on the populace of other provinces to join the revolution. Fifteen provinces, including Hunan and Guangdong, seceded from the Qing government within two months of the successful Wuchang Uprising. On January 1, 1912, the interim Government of the Republic of China was set up in Nanjing with Sun Yat-sen as the elected provisional president. On February 12, 1912, the Qing Emperor Puyi announced his abdication from the throne, thus putting an end to the rule of the Qing dynasty, and ending the 2,000- year-old feudal monarchy.
The Museum of the Wuchang Uprising of the 1911 Revolution is the site of the former Wuchang Uprising Military Government.